Which strategy would be best for a class with 60% of learners reporting the preferred learning style as visual? — Divide the class into groups and have each create a concept map linking concepts from the reading – Linking the concepts together would allow the learner to visualize the connections. Fleming’s model suggests ways in which people like information to come to them and the ways in which they like to deliver their communication: VARK (Visual, Auditory, Read/write, and Kinesthetic)
Visual learning: underline, use different colors, use symbols, charts, arrangements on a page – Recall visual aspects of presentation, reconstruct images in different ways, redraw pages from memory, replace words with symbols and initials – Recall the pictures on the pages, draw, use diagrams where appropriate, practice turning visuals back into words.
Auditory learning: attend lectures and listen, discuss topics with students, use a tape recorder, discuss overheads, pictures, and other visual aids, leave space in notes for later recall – may take poor notes because of preference for voices, expand notes by talking out ideas, explain new ideas to another student, read assignments out loud – speak the answers/ tutorials, practice writing answers to an old exam, read questions to yourself or have someone read them to you.
Reading / Writing learning: use lists, headings, write out lists and definitions, use handouts and textbooks – write out the words, reread notes silently, rewrite ideas in other words, use lecture notes/ read – practice with multiple-choice questions, write paragraphs, beginnings, endings, organize diagrams into statements.
Kinesthetic learning: (use all of the senses) may take notes poorly because topics do not seem relevant, go to lab, take field trips, use trial-and-error method, listen to real-life examples – put examples in note summaries, talk about notes, especially with another kinesthetic person, use pictures and photos to illustrate – write practice answers, role-play the exam situation in one’s head.
A clinical nursing instructor wants to create a clinical learning environment which promotes critical thinking. Which is the best strategy? – use of the Socratic method – Questioning students will encourage deeper analysis and promote critical analysis with enhanced problem solving.
Socratic questioning: promotes active thinking about conclusions to be drawn; increases interaction between students and faculty; promotes discussion from multiple points of view; allows students to discuss concepts from their own experiences; discloses underlying assumptions; increases the articulation of evidence; stimulates students to ask higher-level questions; promotes higher level of problem-solving skills; learning is transferred from classroom to clinical environment; promotes thinking skills to enhance test taking abilities.
A teaching style that incorporates Socratic questioning is ideal for developing clinical reasoning in the student. The questioning format stimulates clinical curiosity and the process leads students to start thinking in the form of questions. The Socratic method also allows faculty and students to listen to each other’s thinking processes and decision making. When using Socratic questioning, the faculty member constructs questions purposefully to lead the student down a particular path of thinking. the process of moving through a scenario brings the student to outcomes the faculty wishes to reach.
A novice nurse educator recently attended a workshop on technology and creating an online nursing course. Which statement would indicate the nurse educator needs further training? – “I plan to use the seven new technologies I learned at the workshop so I can appeal to more learning styles.” – trying to include all technologies is not realistic and does not assure each type will appeal to all learners.
A novice clinical nurse educator received low marks on a student survey regarding feedback. The nurse educator asks a mentor for suggestions for improvement. Which is the best recommendation? – provide immediate feedback in the clinical setting regarding student performance –this approach shows the instructor is responsive to students’ needs.
- Frequent (in form of midterm/ final grade, or more frequently)
- Immediate (utilizing a broad, open-ended question upon exiting situation to allow the student opportunity to reflect on his or her performance. )
- Discriminating (based on criteria and standards– discriminating and distinguishing features of good and poor performance in ways that are clear to students are imperative. one way is in postclinical conference, give students the opportunity to hear about their peers’ issues and will provide a milieu for open sharing and debriefing… provides opportunity for peer-to-peer feedback and support)
- Done Lovingly (or supportively) — feedback delivered lovingly, with empathy and personal understanding, is an essential component in providing the feedback. providing feedback by acknowledging the students’ feelings in their attempts to be successful communicates the instructors’ personal empathy and understanding.
A clinical nurse educator notices a student is chronically late to clinical and seems disengaged from other students in the clinical setting. What is the best first action by the nurse educator? – meet with the student before the student reaches the clinical floor and ask how they are feeling – showing compassion for a student’s feeling can build trust and encourage discussion for improvement.
Which approach best illustrates an individualized learning approach? – meeting with students one on one to establish mutual learning goals – individualized learning involves a student pursuing personal interests and moving at a pace that aligns with individual learning needs.
individualized learning approach– good for adult learners who have busy lives and limited traditional study times; gives student control of when and where learning will occur; learning can occur without the presence of the teacher; flexible according to learner needs; good for teaching psychomotor skills; has been found to enhance learning over combined lecture and discussion methods.
Which learning activity best illustrates a collaborative process? – simulation in groups of five with each member assuming the role of a healthcare team member — simulation is a learning activity in a safe practice environment and can promote collaboration and relationship building
- mistakes can be made without patient harm
- can provide clinical experiences rarely seen
- experiences can be repeated to enhance learning
- can promote critical reflective analysis of skill sets
- immediate feedback from peers, teachers, and /or sophisticated equipment
- promotes active learning
- decreases performance anxiety
- increases critical thinking skills
- increases confidence
- promotes team work
Which learning activity would best examine the role of a nurse leader in a class of 80 students in a traditional classroom? — Guest lecture by a director of nursing from a local hospital – this method provides a role model for students and is realistic for this setting.
What is the best response by a Dean to a nursing faculty member who states, “We need to review all simulations in the adult health courses to provide more critical care opportunities the student is unable to observe in the clinical setting – “You might have a good point. Simulation is important in our program. Can you gather evidence to support your suggestion and present your findings at the next faculty meeting?” – the Dean acknowledges current trends in nursing education and asks for use of EBP
Which strategy would promote learner collaboration and critical thinking in the clinical setting? – Pair up learners to work on one patient – a dual assignment promotes cooperation, collaboration and problem-solving.
The dual assignment strategy involves assigning two students to one patient. because students must work closely to implement care, collaboration and communication between the students are requisites for effective use of this strategy.
- an opportunity to further develop communication and time management skills
- opportunities to evaluate and improve skills in organization
- increased opportunities for faculty to assess the capabilities of each student and provide feedback
- opportunities for collaboration
- decreased number of patients for which the faculty member is responsible
- decreased level of anxiety among students
Which strategy is most important when attempting to provide the most effective novice clinical nurse educators? – Provide a complete instructor orientation including teaching and learning strategies, mission and philosophy of the program, course and program overview and real world application. – the only strategy to assure the new clinical instructor performs at a high level is to provide clear guidelines and expectations
faculty development begins with orientation: new faculty are introduced to the mission and goals of the institution at each level… expectations are reviewed and any documents that will reinforce and guide movement toward those expectations are shared… support systems and personnel available to maintain them are introduced and a tour of the physical plant is conducted…
A nursing student refuses to work in a group during a simulation experience, stating, “I can’t do this, the others will laugh at me. Can I please do this exercise alone?” what is the best response by the nurse educator? – provide a break for the simulation group and speak with the student in a private location to gather more information –the student feels the learning environment is unsafe and this action by the nursing instructors shows concern and cooperation with the student to facilitate learning.
A nurse educator tells a class, “I believe abuse of women is often caused by the victim enabling the abuser.” After class a female student approaches the instructor and states, “what you said is not true, the woman is trapped and can’t get away.” What is the best response by the nurse educator? –thank you for sharing your feelings. Perhaps I should reflect on my personal feelings. – acknowledging a student’s feeling and being willing to examine personal feelings regarding a situation is essential for an effective nurse educator.
A student yells at the instructor after receiving a failing grade on an exam. The student states, “you will pay for what you have done. You will not do this to other students.” what is the best response by the nursing faculty member. – “your responses are threatening, if you continue I will call campus security.” –at this point the faculty member must take steps to preserve safety.
A clinical nurse educator is uncertain where to place students within a clinical setting. Which method would be the most appropriate choice to complete this task? – review the literature to review evidence based recommendation for assigning clinical placement – this is a scholarly approach to a nursing education concern
Which strategy is the best choice to assist a culturally diverse nursing student body when designing a course? – creating a mentor program linking faculty to students — evidence has shown that culturally diverse learners increase effort and participation when paired with a faculty member
A 68 year old nursing student approached a faculty member in the lab and asked, “Can I skip the patient transfer skill? I hurt my back years ago and I can’t lift anything heavier than 20 pounds.” What is the most appropriate response by the faculty member? – “Please visit the learning center and meet with a counselor regarding your disability.” – the student should be referred to the learner center for consultation regarding a learner’s disability
Which example best illustrates uncivil behavior by a learner and would require exploration of a student’s preferred learning style? – a student asks numerous questions during and after class often phoning the instructor at home to clarify material delivered in class – this could be viewed as aggressive behavior and the instructor should examine why the student has an inordinate amount of questions.
A learner continues to fall asleep during class and when the instructor approaches the student the smell of alcohol is strong and the student has slurred speech. What is the next best action by the nurse educator? – adhere to the institution’s drug and alcohol policy and assure the student is in a safe location
During an exam, an ESL learner asks the instructor, “what is shag carpet?” what is the best response by the instructor? – announce the question will be removed from the exam realizing that not all cultures understand American products – use of cultural specific language is not recommended in the educational setting.