Nursing Continue Education

Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 (DMT2) 糖尿病 (Reading & Sharing Part 2)

The main source of energy in your body cells that make up muscles and other tissue is Glucose, a sugar.

  • Glucose is derived from foods you ingest and is stored in your liver as glycogen.
  • Glucose is absorbed into the bloodstream and with the assistance of insulin, enters cells
  • Your liver also makes glucose
  • To keep your glucose levels within normal range, your liver will break down glycogen to glucose and send it into the bloodstream.  This might occur if you haven’t eaten for a while, for instance, overnight.

This process in the normal way in which your body maintains a normal blood sugar level (Mayo Clinic, 2018)

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Nursing Continue Education

Ganglion Cyst 神经节囊肿 (Reading & Sharing)

A ganglion cyst is a common soft tissue swelling often found in the hand and wrist. It is a cyst filled with viscous, sticky, and mucinous fluid that can be single or multiloculated. They are benign lesions, they may lead to pain, weakness, and loss of function, and may require treatment. They are masses located on the dorsal or volar aspect of the wrist or surrounding structures (Blazar, 2017).

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Nature: Butterflies and Moths

Orange-Tip 橙尖粉蝶 Anthocaris Sara (Family Pieridae, Whites and Sulpurs)

The meadows are lushly green; dew sparkles on the leaflets; the air is pleasantly warm and delightful; then, almost magically it seems, the carpets of new-born buttercups by the creeks come alive with the bright flashing of Orange-Tip wings. It is the spring brood of the Orange-Tip come with the first wave of real warmth to gladden the land with new beauty. The sharply-marked orange and black of the upper corners of the fore-wings, contrasting to abruptly with the white of the rest of the wings instantly mark this butterfly from all others save the rare Felder’s Orange-Tip, (A. ce-thura), which, however has much less black. Note also the soft leaf-like appearance of the under-wing markings. A rare from has the wings suffused with yellow. In the east the Falcate Orange Tip (Anthocaris genutia) with a hooked wing tip, is found in woods.

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Nature: Butterflies and Moths

The Anise Swallowtail 八角燕尾蝶 Papilio Zelicaon (Family Papilionidae, Swallowtails)

This compact and sharply-painted small swallowtail is one of summer’s brightest and commonest sprites through western lowlands and foothills. Note the blunt, comparatively short wings, and the clearly defined markings. The similar Bruce’s Swallowtail (Papilio brucei Edw.) has more blue in the wings and is found mainly in the mountains. The similar Oregon Swallowtail (Papilio oregonia Edw.) does not have the wings bordered so widely with black. The design of the yellow spots is very distinctive when studied closely.

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Nature: Butterflies and Moths

Guatemala Butterfly 危地马拉蝴蝶 One of the Numerous Species (Family Nymphalidae, Brush-footed Butterflies)

The brilliant red and purple color of this butterfly is typical of many tropical butterflies. These lovely creatures drift through the jungles and savannahs of Central and South America like great flying flowers, adding a fairy-like quality to the tropics not found in the colder north. At dung and mud puddles along the roadways you see these butterflies gathering in dozens and even hundreds, risking up in rainbow clouds when you approach.

Continue reading “Guatemala Butterfly 危地马拉蝴蝶 One of the Numerous Species (Family Nymphalidae, Brush-footed Butterflies)”