End-of-life uncomfortable signs and symptoms: Part 2 Cont.
Nurses frequently care for patients at the end of life. One of the challenges is managing end-of-life (EOL) symptoms such as dyspnea and pain. For patients nearing death, relieving distressing symptoms is perhaps the most valuable contribution you can make. Thus, the goal of patient care changes from cure to comfort.
End-of-life uncomfortable signs and symptoms:
- brain depressant
- a cause of considerable morbidity and mortality
Dopamine is one of the primary neurotransmitters within the CNS and is known to be involved in the integration of environmental stimuli with physiologic responses. Cannabis, cocaine, and alcohol increase the dopamine level, thereby producing a strong association between physiologic effects and behavior.
Diagnostic Evaluation ( measurement tools for alcohol abuse or dependence ):
- Michigan Alcohol Screening Test (MAST)
- The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)
What is Osgood-Schlatter Disease?
Osgood-Schlatter disease is a painful enlargement of the bump of the shin bone (tibia) just below the knee. This bump is called the tibial tuberosity. The tendon from the kneecap (patella) inserts here. Osgood-Schlatter disease is commonly seen in growing (usually appears during a period of rapid growth), active adolescents, and most often seen in children between the ages of 10 and 15.
A1C – the glycated hemoglobin test, commonly used as a clinical tool to diagnose diabetes and assess glycemic control. It can be measured at any time of the day, eliminating patient fasting, and it provides valuable information about recent glycemic control.