Bipolar disorder is a complex brain disorder in which moods range from periods of mania followed by episodes of depression (Ferri, 2018). Unfortunately, the management of the disease has no specific combination of psychosocial and medication regime that works well for everyone’s mood instability. So, therefore, the right combination to manage a particular patient’s mood instability takes time and can change over time due to the patient’s noncompliance with medication and frustration with treatment.
Anxiety can be normal from time to time, but excessive ongoing anxiety and worry that someone might have difficulty in controlling and interfere with day-to-day activities may be a sign of generalized anxiety disorder (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2018, p. 1). This disease is a chronic condition with exacerbations and suicide risk is higher than in the general population.
Seizures occur due to sudden and abnormal changes in the electrical activities of the brain. The change may be easily noticeable and dramatic or there may never be any symptoms at all. Severe seizures are characterized by shaking violently and lack of control. Non-severe seizures also pose a consequential medical problem and should never be ignored (Engel, 2013).
Fungal infections can affect millions of people worldwide. Dermophytes are the most common cause of fungal infections and can spread very easily, especially in the right environment with warmth and high humidity (Sahoo & Mahajan, 2016). Tinea corporis is a type of dermatophyte fungal infection that is caused by Trichophyton or Microsporium (Ferri, 2018). This highly contagious, mildly puretic infection is also known as ring worm because of its well-demarcated plaques that maybe accompanied by pustules or papules and often has scaling at the edges with a central clearing (Fenstermacher & Hudson, 2016).
Tinea Versicolor, also called pityriasis versicolor (Wolff, 2017, figure 26-24), is one of the most common skin diseases in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. It is noted, that people in tropical areas get Tinea versicolor year-round. The disease consists of yeast in the skin that grows out of control. Symptoms can be lighter or darker spot or areas, they can have a coloring of white, pink, salmon, red, tan or brown. You can find them anywhere on the body and they can be dry or scaly, they do cause the skin to be itchy (American Academy of Dermatology Association [AAD], 2017, p. 1). They can become more prominent when you are tan, grows slowly, can grow together and disappears when temperatures drop. Very prominent in spring and/or summer with warm and humid environment.