All About Nursing · Hospice & Palliative Care

Definitions Hospice

You matter because you are you. You matter to the last moment of life, and we will do all we can, not only to help you die peacefully, but also to live until you die. (Saunders in Stoddard, 1978)

  • Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) defines hospice as:

“A holistic approach to treatment that recognizes that the impending death of an individual warrants a change from curative to palliative care. Palliative care means ‘patient-and family-centered care that optimizes quality of life by anticipating, preventing, and treating suffering. Palliative care throughout the continuum of illness involves addressing physical, intellectual, emotional, social, and spiritual needs and to facilitate patient autonomy, access to information, and choice.'”

  • The National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization (NHPCO) defines hospice as:
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All About Nursing · Hospice & Palliative Care

Origins and a Bit of History of Hospice

Concept antedates 475 AD

  • The term hospes, a Latin word, from which the term hospice is derived, means to be both host and guest and implies interaction and mutual caring between the patient, family, and hospice staff.
  • Self-sustained communities evolved after 335 AD where ill, weary, homeless, and dying persons received care
  • During the early middle ages, the words hospice, hospital, and hostel were used interchangeably
  • Also during the middle ages, hospitia or travelers’ rest at monasteries and convents provided food, shelter, as well as care for those sick or dying.
  • The care and support of the whole person (the body, soul, mind, and spirit) evolved in these early hospices
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All About Nursing

Rest and Sleep – All About Nursing

The number of hours of sleep required for good health varies tremendously from person to person. Eight hours each night appears to be average, but we have all heard about people like the famous inventor Thomas A. Edison, who got along very well on five hours, and others who require more than eight hours a night. The essential test is whether you feel rested in the morning and have sufficient energy to carry through the day’s activities. If you don’t, chronic fatigue may accumulate and contribute to what can be a serious illness. Many men and women find they really can get along on fewer than eight hours sleep a night as they grow older. If you are concerned about having trouble sleeping, it is possible that you are getting less sleep because you need less sleep.

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All About Nursing

Nursing Critically Ill and Dying Patients – All About Nursing

Nursing care of a critically ill and a dying patient demands an unusual degree of alertness, resourcefulness, observation, sympathy, and tact not only for the patient but also for the family, close friends, and caregivers. The nurse’s calm serene attitude will help the patient and his/her loved ones face the possibility of impending death. She should know the religious faith of her patient. She should be familiar with the various customs and traditions of the different faiths so that she can give understanding assistance in meeting his or her needs.

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All About Nursing

How Germs Get into Your Body – Nose, Throat, and Lungs – All About Nursing

Your body has an excellent coat of armor in the skin, which keeps out germs. But cuts or other breaks in it, and openings such as the nose and mouth, provide opportunities for them to enter.

Many bacteria and viruses are spread and taken into the body through the nose and throat. Most germs thrive in moisture, and spitting, coughing, and sneezing keep them circulating. Motion pictures show that a sneeze, you may expel a spray of liquid to a distance of several feet. Such disease as the common cold, pneumonia, tuberculosis, whooping cough, scarlet fever, diphtheria, influenza, and meningitis are spread this way. These illnesses are circulated by diseased people, by people who are “coming down” with a disease, or by carriers of the germs who harbor them without being sick.

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