Anxiety can be normal from time to time, but excessive ongoing anxiety and worry that someone might have difficulty in controlling and interfere with day-to-day activities may be a sign of generalized anxiety disorder (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2018, p. 1). This disease is a chronic condition with exacerbations and suicide risk is higher than in the general population.
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Seizures occur due to sudden and abnormal changes in the electrical activities of the brain. The change may be easily noticeable and dramatic or there may never be any symptoms at all. Severe seizures are characterized by shaking violently and lack of control. Non-severe seizures also pose a consequential medical problem and should never be ignored (Engel, 2013).
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Fungal infections can affect millions of people worldwide. Dermophytes are the most common cause of fungal infections and can spread very easily, especially in the right environment with warmth and high humidity (Sahoo & Mahajan, 2016). Tinea corporis is a type of dermatophyte fungal infection that is caused by Trichophyton or Microsporium (Ferri, 2018). This highly contagious, mildly puretic infection is also known as ring worm because of its well-demarcated plaques that maybe accompanied by pustules or papules and often has scaling at the edges with a central clearing (Fenstermacher & Hudson, 2016).
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Tinea Versicolor, also called pityriasis versicolor (Wolff, 2017, figure 26-24), is one of the most common skin diseases in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. It is noted, that people in tropical areas get Tinea versicolor year-round. The disease consists of yeast in the skin that grows out of control. Symptoms can be lighter or darker spot or areas, they can have a coloring of white, pink, salmon, red, tan or brown. You can find them anywhere on the body and they can be dry or scaly, they do cause the skin to be itchy (American Academy of Dermatology Association [AAD], 2017, p. 1). They can become more prominent when you are tan, grows slowly, can grow together and disappears when temperatures drop. Very prominent in spring and/or summer with warm and humid environment.
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The skin is normally populated with bacteria, and under healthy normal circumstances these bacteria do not routinely lead to infection. When there is an interruption to skin integrity or underlying immunocompromise however, these bacteria can cause an infection such as impetigo (VanRavenstein, Durham, Williams, & Smith, 2017). Ferri (2018), defines impetigo as a common bacterial superficial skin infection that is generally caused by streptococcal or staphylococcal bacteria. Skin lesions can be described a bullous when multiple vesicles form on the skin, enlarge, and weep a yellow honey-like crust due to a toxin produced at the site of the infection (Ferri, 2018). As the weeping lesions become contagious and spread to the others, a dry scaly boarder forms to replace the old fluid-filled vesicle (Ferri, 2018). Non-bullous impetigo begins as a single red papule, usually around the nose or mouth, weep and produce a honey-like crust (Ferri, 2018).
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