Costochondritis is an inflammation of the cartilage that connects a rib to the sternum (Mayo Clinic, 2018). The pain from costochondritis may mimic those symptoms of a heart attack or similar heart conditions. This is common and occurs in about 28% of undifferentiated noncardiac patients that present with chest pain (Ferri, 2018). It occurs more in women than men and is more prevalent in people over the age of 40 (Ferri, 2018). The cause of costochondritis is largely unknown, however, it may be caused by a chest injury, hard exercise or heavy lifting, viral infections, strain from coughing, and infections occurring after surgery (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2018).
Pneumonia is a respiratory disorder that affects the lungs (Dela & Wunderlink, 2017). It causes difficulty in breathing since the alveoli are filled with pus that limits oxygen intake. Pneumonia has caused more deaths worldwide according to the world health organization report. It accounts for approximately 16% of children’s deaths below five years. People aged 65 years or older are also at a higher risk of contracting the disease and can easily die when attacked. Statistics indicate that pneumonia affects 5.6 million people annually in the United States. Most of the affected individuals succumb to the condition without them knowing. Therefore, there is the need to evaluate the causes, signs and symptoms, prevention, and treatment of the disorder in a bid to manage the condition.
Atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, is the most common dermatological diagnosis. It is an inflammation of the skin that results in a red, itchy rash normally on the cheeks, arms, and legs. It is characterized by pruritic, erythematous, and scaly skin lesions often localized to the flexural surfaces of the body. It can present with asthma and allergic rhinitis as part of an allergic triad (Berke, Singh & Guralnick, 2012).
Tinea Versicolor also called pityriasis Versicolor is one of the most common skin diseases in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. It is noted, that people in tropical areas get Tinea versicolor year-round.
Cluster Headaches: 丛集性头痛
Headaches that have a sudden onset, severe in pain. It can affect orbital, supraorbital, temporal, or any combination of sites, that is unilateral in location. Cluster headaches have a duration of 15 mins to 2 hours. Frequency can be from every other day to several times per day. Patients will often express a feeling of agitation during that time of an attack.
Incidence/ Prevalence: Only occurs in a small percentage of the population (0.05-1%). This occurs in males five times more than females between the ages of 20-40. May be inherited in up to 20% of cases.