Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed and is the leading cause of death from cancer in women worldwide.
Lung cancer is the most frequently diagnosed and the leading cause of death from cancer in men worldwide.
Cancer is the second most common cause of death in the United States following heart disease.
Cancer refers to a group of diseases that are characterized by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal of mutated cells that can be caused by external and internal factors. Mutated cells have certain characteristics as follows:
can avoid apoptosis (cell death)
resist normal aging process
can replicate outside normal controlling mechanisms
produce chemicals that dissolve surrounding tissue
Methadone hydrochloride (Dolophine) is a synthetic opioid analgesic (Schedule II). Management of moderate to severe pain unresposive to non-narcotics; used in narcotic detoxification maintenance programs and for the treatment of iatrogenic narcotic dependence.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death in the United States. It is highly prevalent, and as it progresses, causes patients to become too disabled to work, thus creating substantial economic and social burdens. In 2010, U.S. healthcare data estimated the total economic burden from COPD at $50 billion, of which $30 billion was related to direct medical expenditures and the remaining $20 billion related to morbidity, loss of work, and premature death. There are also unacknowledged and unquantified costs including the economic value of care provided by family members and their potential lost wages as they stay home to care for the patient.
As the disease progresses, some patients will choose mechanical ventilation as a palliative treatment option. although the patient with advanced disease is eligible for hospice care, many hospices cannot afford to accept the patient with mechanical ventilation into their programs because this high-tech intervention drives the cost of care beyond the standard insurance reimbursement. Thus, patients and families may be deprived of the benefits of hospice care.