Nursing Continue Education

Peripheral Artery Disease 外周动脉疾病

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) occurs in the lower extremities when there is a build up of plague in the arteries which leads of narrowing of the arteries. This is also referred to as atherosclerosis. PAD affects both men and women equally and affects about 8.5 million Americans in the United States every year (CDC, 2016). It is also more common in the Hispanic population compared to Caucasians (CDC, 2016).

Continue reading “Peripheral Artery Disease 外周动脉疾病”

Nature: Butterflies and Moths

Syneda Moth / Syneda Divergens (Family Noctuidae, Nocturnal Moths)

The Syneda Moth, like other Noctuids or nocturnal moths, can see in the dark. When our eyes cannon penetrate the black shadow, this beautiful little moth flutters through the mysterious night with perfect ease, detecting other moths of its own kind and swirling with them in a ghostly dance rarely seen by the eyes of man. But other eyes do see the moths dancing, eyes in which the irises can spread as wide as if curtains were pulled back from a window until every tiny atom of light can enter. Squart poor-wills, birds that appear like the dead leaves of the forest floor, crouch to the ground watching the approaching moths. They are the tigers of the moth world. Suddenly one poor-will launches itself in the air, its wide and hair-lined mouth gaping wide like a great trap, its movement silent as a springing panther. Into that wide cavern three or four moths fall and are trapped with a single snap of the beak. Others, frightened by the fierce attack, drop quickly into the brush, hiding their bright hind wings by folding over them the duller front ones.

Continue reading “Syneda Moth / Syneda Divergens (Family Noctuidae, Nocturnal Moths)”

Nursing Continue Education

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is preventable and treatable disease usually caused by exposure to tobacco smoke. It is characterized by airflow limitation that is not fully reversible. This disease is associated with an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles of gases, chronic airway irritation, mucus production, and pulmonary scarring and changes in pulmonary vasculature (Ferri, 2018).

Continue reading “Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)”

Hospice & Palliative Care

HPCC SUGGESTED REFERENCES in Preparing for the Certification Examination for Hospice and Palliative Registered Nurses

***Primary Reference List (Used for CHPN exam item validation):


Berger, A., Shuster, J. and Von Roenn, J. (Eds.) (2013). Principles and Practice of Palliative Care and Supportive Oncology (4th Ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.

Continue reading “HPCC SUGGESTED REFERENCES in Preparing for the Certification Examination for Hospice and Palliative Registered Nurses”