P – Provocative or palliative (What brings it on? What were you doing first noticed it? What makes it better or worse?)
Q – Quality or quantity (Describe the character and location of the symptoms; How does it look, feel, sound? How intense/ severe is it?)
R – Region or radiation (Where is it? Does the symptom radiate to other areas of the body?).
S – Severity (How bad is it? Ask the patient to quantify the symptom(s) on a scale of 0-10. Is it getting better, worse, staying the same?)
T – Timing (Inquire about time of onset – exactly when did it first occur? duration – how long did it last? frequency – how often does it occur? etc.)
U – Understand Patient’s Perception of the problem (What do you think it means?)
Or if you are using the OLD CARTS assessment tool?
Onset: when did the pain start?
Location: where does it actually hurt?
Duration: how long does it last?
Characteristics: Dull, achy, sharp, stabbing, pressure, etc.
Aggravating/ alleviating factors: what makes it worse? what makes it better?
Radiation: does it spread out from the place that hurts you the most? if so, where?
Treatments: what treatments has been used in the past and present? were they successful?
Severity: scale of 0-10
Personally, although it was not always the OLD CARTS, when I was performing pain assessment, it was so easy to related them into the process such as: please tell me where’s your pain? when did your pain start? what it feel like: dull, aching, sharp, or etc.? please rate your pain on the scale of 0-10. Does the pain radiate? what makes it worst/ better? what treatments you have been using for your pain? is it help?
What do you think? what is your preference?