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Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) 不安腿綜合症

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a condition that causes an uncontrollable urge to move your legs, usually because of an uncomfortable sensation. It typically happens in the evening or nighttime hours when you’re sitting or lying down. Moving eases the unpleasant feeling temporarily. Restless leg syndrome is a common neurological sensorimotor disorder with an overall prevalence in adults of 5-10% in Europe and North America. Restless legs syndrome had a higher prevalence in men than women, with the difference reaching significance in those 40-49 years old; in men there was no positive correlation with age. Can begin at any age and generally worsens as you age (Chatterjee, Mitra, Guha & Chakraborty, 2015).

Restless leg syndrome is manifested by strong feelings of restlessness and distressing paraesthesia-like sensations (crawling, burning itching and tingling) in the lower legs, particularly when at rest. As a result of that, patients usually have a difficult time to maintain a proper sleep pattern; the symptoms vary considerably in severity and frequency (Borreguero & Pumarega, 2017). It can disrupt sleep, which interferes with daily activities.

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Restless legs syndrome (RLS)/ Reading and Sharing

Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological sensorimotor disorder with an overall prevalence in adults of 5-10% in Europe and North America. RLS is manifested by strong feelings of restlessness and distressing paraesthesia-like sensations (crawling, burning itching and tingling) in the lower legs. it is a condition that causes an uncontrollable urge to move your legs, usually because of an uncomfortable sensation. It typically happens in the evening or nighttime hours when you’re sitting or lying down. As a result of that, patients usually have a difficult time to maintain a proper sleep pattern; the symptoms vary considerably in severity and frequency (Borreguero & Pumarega, 2017).

There’s no known cause for RLS. Restless leg syndrome is said to be a genetic disorder that is developed at the later stage of life; however symptoms starts slowly at a younger age. It has been reported that restless leg syndrome is associated with anxiety and depressive disorders including PTSD. Researchers also suspect the condition may be caused by an imbalance of the brain chemical dopamine, which sends messages to control muscle movement. Risk factors include peripheral neuropathy, iron deficiency, kidney failure and spinal cord conditions. Some differential diagnoses that may be associated with restless leg syndrome are peripheral neuropathy, ischemia and arthritis. The diagnosis of restless leg syndrome could be difficult to make because it is mainly based on the symptoms reported. Consequently, the condition is diagnosed by the clinical characteristics of restlessness in the legs associated often with abnormal sensations that start at rest and are improved by activity, occurring with a diurnal pattern of worsened symptoms at night and improvement in the morning. RLS is the cause of impaired quality of life in those more severely afflicted (Cormella, 2014).

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