Bipolar disorder is a complex and challenging brain disorder in which moods range from periods of mania followed by episodes of depression, from sadness to euphoria (Ferri, 2018). Bipolar disorder used to be called manic-depressive because of these two symptoms.
During a manic phase you will usually see a decreased need for sleep, an inflated self-esteem, pressured or fast speech patterns, flight of ideas, racing thoughts, distractibility, risky behaviors or an increase in goal-directed activities (Ferri, 2018). It is possible for individuals to develop delusions or hallucinations during the manic phase (INSA, 2017). Followed by the manic phase will be a depressive episode. During the depressive episode individuals will feel feelings of worthlessness, thoughts of suicide, disinterest in work, family, or friends (INSA, 2017). It is during the depressive phase that most people seek medical assistance.
Unfortunately, the management of the disease has no specific combination of psychosocial and medication regime that works well for everyone’s mood instability. So, therefore, the right combination to manage a particular patient’s mood instability takes time and can change over time due to the patient’s noncompliance with medication and frustration with treatment. However, as with any chronic health condition the bipolar patient has to learn how to be compliant and make lifestyle changes to manage symptoms.