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Costochondritis -Reading and Sharing

Pathophysiology

Much of the chest wall consists of ribs and cartilage, which serve as an elastic bridge between the individual rib bones and also the sternum. Costochondritis is a condition of inflammation in the costochondral junctions of the ribs or chondrosternal joints, in the absence of swelling or induration, in the chest wall causing chest wall pain and tenderness (Proulx & Zryd, 2009).

Incidence and prevalence

Costochondritis can affect both children and adults and is a diagnosis that accounts for nearly thirty percent of adults who present to the hospital with chest pain (Proulx & Zryd, 2009). The condition occurs most often in women and adults over the age of forty (Mayo Clinic, 2011).

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Costochondritis 肋软骨炎

Costochondritis is an inflammation of the cartilage that connects a rib to the sternum (Mayo Clinic, 2018). The pain from costochondritis may mimic those symptoms of a heart attack or similar heart conditions. This is common and occurs in about 28% of undifferentiated noncardiac patients that present with chest pain (Ferri, 2018). It occurs more in women than men and is more prevalent in people over the age of 40 (Ferri, 2018). The cause of costochondritis is largely unknown, however, it may be caused by a chest injury, hard exercise or heavy lifting, viral infections, strain from coughing, and infections occurring after surgery (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2018).

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