The definition of Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic auto-immune disease characterized by inflammatory polyarthritis which affects peripheral joints, especially the small joints of the hands and feet. This is a chronic and progressive disease in which if the process of inflammation is untreated may lead to cartilage and bone erosions and joint destruction (Ferri, 2018, p. 1125).
As according to Ferri (2018), RA is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects joints and other organ systems. RA affects 0.5% to 1% of the population worldwide (p. 1125), and “annual incidence in northern Europe and the United States 0.15 to 0.60 per 1000. Nearly three times as many women have this disease then men (Arthritis Foundation, 2018, p. 1). The age of women who get this is between 30 – 60 years of age. In men it often occurs later in life. The chances of patient getting Rheumatoid arthritis is increased if a family member has this disease.