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FUNGAL 真菌 (Reading & Sharing)

Fungal infections can affect millions of people worldwide. Dermophytes 皮真菌 are the most common cause of fungal infections and can spread very easily, especially in the right environment with warmth and high humidity (Sahoo & Mahajan, 2016). Tinea corporis is a type of dermatophyte fungal infection that is caused by Trichophyton or Microsporium (Ferri, 2018). This highly contagious, mildly pruritic infection is also known as ringworm because of its well-demarcated plaques that may be accompanied by pustules or papules and often has to scale at the edges with central clearing (Fenstermacher & Hudson, 2016). Some predisposing factors can put a person at higher risk of catching a dermphyte infection such as diabetes mellitus, immunocompromised status, Cushing’s, older age or lymphomas (Shoo & Mahajan, 2016). Tinea corporis can be found anywhere on the body but is usually below the trunk distributed with either single or multiple lesions presents (Ferri, 2018). Warm areas that are sweaty such as the groin or armpits are most often affected in part because of their more alkaline pH (Shoo & Mahajan, 2016). It is important to educate patients that tinea corporis can spread very easily with the skin to skin contact. This highly contagious infection can often spread through daycares or wrestling teams before lesions are even noticed. It is important to keep all areas effected clean and dry as well as to teach the importance of hand washing.

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