Mortality related to diabetes is due to end-stage renal disease, cardiovascular disease, and cerebrovascular disease. Diabetes is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease. Diabetics are at increased risk of these mortal conditions due to the impact of metabolic defects on selected body tissues, particularly the blood vessels.
End-stage progression of diabetes may include:
- Nephropathy and renal failure
- Retinopathy and vision impairment
- Peripheral neuropathy
- Diabetic ulcers
- Hypoglycemia/ Hyperglycemia
To be cont. on topic of renal failure … …
Zerwekh, J. V. (2006) Nursing care at the end of life: Palliative care for patients and family.