Hospice & Palliative Care

End-Stage Diabetes 糖尿病? Understanding the Course of Terminal Disease (Reading & Sharing)

Mortality related to diabetes is due to end-stage renal disease, cardiovascular disease, and cerebrovascular disease. Diabetes is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease. Diabetics are at increased risk of these mortal conditions due to the impact of metabolic defects on selected body tissues, particularly the blood vessels.

End-stage progression of diabetes may include:

  • Nephropathy and renal failure
  • Retinopathy and vision impairment
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Diabetic ulcers
  • Gastroparesis
  • Hypoglycemia/ Hyperglycemia

To be cont. on topic of renal failure … …


Zerwekh, J. V. (2006) Nursing care at the end of life: Palliative care for patients and family.

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