Nursing Continue Education · Nursing Theories

Behaviorism 行为主义 (Reading & Sharing)

Behaviorism (Pavlov, Watson, Skinner)

  • Stimulus and response is the basis for learning
    • Behaviorists view learning as the product of the stimulus conditions and the responses that follow- sometimes termed the S-R model of learning.
  • The environment develops the person
    • Behaviorists closely observe responses and then manipulate the environment to bring about the intended change.
  • Requires behavior modification and classroom management
  • Positive reinforcement is used to encourage acceptable behavior
  • Generated the idea of “Programmed Learning”
  • Tyler (1949) introduced behavioral objectives in education
  • Faculty decides on the educational experience
  • Nursing education is still steeped in behaviorism today (Lockstep curriculum 锁步课程)

Behavioristic learning was the earliest pattern identified through research. Psychologists such as Skinner and Thorndike described learning as a change in behavior and used stimulus response action as an example (Bradshaw and Lowenstein, 2014). — learning is the product of the stimulus conditions and the responses that follow– the Stimulus-Responses model of learning–

Behaviorists closely observe responses and then manipulate the environment to bring about the intended change.

References:

Bradshaw, M. J. & Lowenstein, A. J. (2014) Innovative Teaching Strategies in Nursing and Related Health Professions. (6th ed.)

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